6200 all “Colored Workers” for Sun Shipyard in “Yard 4”, built Magnificent WW-II Troopships.

Their building created the SS MARINE RAVEN which was the ship my father was a member of the Crew. 6200! Amazing. And a whole lot of People in America now have a better understanding of Racial Tensions that Black I individuals have to endure. And during WW-II was no Difference, except far worse back then. Yard 4 was an example of exemplary perseverance for all Black Americans who are seeking Black History! A great Story. One that must be Passed on…

A Proud, Mighty Black 6200!

THE BLACK 6200

Sun Shipyards!

What was significant about the Sun Ship Company’s Yard No 4?

In Number 4 Yard, African Americans filled every position from janitors and welders up to supervisors. At peak production, Yard 4 employed about 6,200 blacks, with 2,800 more working in Sun Ship’s integrated yards. In May 1943, Yard 4 launched the Marine Eagle, the first ship built entirely by black workers.

https://explorepahistory.com/hmarker.php?markerId=1-A-2EB

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sun_Shipbuilding_%26_Drydock_Co.

SS Marine Raven – Completed as first “Marine” class War Shipping Administration troop ship to carry troops. Operated January 1944 — May 1946. Made 16 New York-Europe trips, then round the world leaving Newport News for India and Philippines to Seattle. Left Seattle via San Francisco to embark German POWs to Europe. Two voyages in European waters before released from transport duties 9 May 1946. Sold private 1961, Panamanian flag November 1973, scrapped 1976.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Type_C4-class_ship

The Emergency Shipbuilding Program built many types of ships to support the war. The most numerous ships were the 2,710 cargo Liberty ships.[25] Liberty ships were built between 1941 and 1945, with a new module assembly process so that about three ships were built every two days.[26] Victory ships were a faster replacement ship for the Merchant Navy. Between 1944 and 1946, 531 Victory ships were built, with some to the US Navy and 414 to the Merchant Navy.[27][28] The Merchant Navy also operated: other cargo ships like: Type N3Type C1Type C2Type C3, and the largest Type C4. Merchant Navy operated tanker ships like: T1 tankerT2 tanker and the largest T3 Tankers for fuel oilaviation gasoline, and Diesel fuel. Merchant Navy operated special ships like: Type L6, called LakersType P1 small Passenger shipsType P2 PassengerType R, refrigerated cargo shipsType B Barges and Type V Tugboats. The Merchant Navy operated Troopships, both passenger ships and cargo ships converted to troopships. For World War II 97 Victory ships temporarily were converted to troopship.[29] By the end of the war over 11,000 ships were under the control of the War Shipping Administration.[4][30][31]

Many World War 2 surplus merchant ships were removed from the National Defense Reserve Fleet and put into action to support the Korean War and Vietnam War.[32][33]

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II_United_States_Merchant_Navy

The War Shipping Administration (WSA) was a World War II emergency war agency of the US government, tasked to purchase and operate the civilian shipping tonnage the United States needed for fighting the war. Both shipbuilding under the Maritime Commission and ship allocation under the WSA to ArmyNavy or civilian needs were closely coordinated though Vice Admiral Emory S. Land who continued as head of the Maritime Commission while also heading the WSA.[1][2]

A shortage of vessels further complicated by requirements to take vessels out of service for conversion and armament was of concern at the highest levels, including the President. Particular concern that available shipping would not be used effectively led to his establishment immediately on the nation’s active entry into the war of the Strategic Shipping Board composed of the Chairman of the Maritime Commission, Army Chief of StaffChief of Naval Operations and Mr. Harry Hopkins reporting directly to the President. Differences between the organizations and lack of decisive authority short of the President limited the board’s effectiveness. An additional need was an effective routine interaction with the British Ministry of War Transport, already given management of British merchant shipping, for coordination of all Allied merchant shipping. Upon establishment of the WSA the Strategic Shipping Board continued in existence in a much diminished role under the Joint Chiefs of Staff.[3]

On February 7, 1942, the WSA was established by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt‘s Executive Order No. 9054. February 7, 1942 as the U.S. had entered the war. The WSA was administratively split off from the United States Maritime Commission, established in 1936, which oversaw design and construction of merchant type vessels. Those included the production of Liberty ships and Victory ships among other types. The U.S. fleet expanded to some 3,500 dry cargo vessels and over 900 high speed tankers.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Shipping_Administration#CITEREFWar_Shipping_Administration1944

Launch of the SS Marine Eagle , the first ocean-going ship constructed entirely by African-American laborers. Sun Shipyard Number 4, Chester, PA, May 11, 1943.

Sliding down the ways at the Sun Shipping and Dry Dock Company in Chester, Pennsylvania, is the first ship conceived and constructed by all African-American  labor.

Credit: Image Donated by Corbis-Bettmann

Plagued by racial tensions, the Sun Ship Company in 1943 staffed Yard Four with an all African-American workforce. By the end of the war, Yard 4″s all black workforce of 6,200 employees had launched fifteen cargo ships and thirty-five car floats.

https://explorepahistory.com/displayimage.php?imgId=1-2-BDF

http://wikimapia.org/12332501/Former-Site-of-Sun-Shipbuilding-Drydock-Company

What was significant about the Sun Ship Company’s Yard No 4?

In Number 4 Yard, African Americans filled every position from janitors and welders up to supervisors. At peak production, Yard 4 employed about 6,200 blacks, with 2,800 more working in Sun Ship’s integrated yards. In May 1943, Yard 4 launched the Marine Eagle, the first ship built entirely by black workers.

“Steel Stories: The History of the Sun Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company” on YouTube

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