Texas Rangers in the 1800s…Finding The Texas Truth…These were men of TRUE GRIT.

There isn’t a single Heritage in America where some form of Atrocities took place by evil people. I’ve looked at different Articles about misdeeds of Texas Rangers and so many of them are based upon a single Lynching or a group of three or less.

https://www.tsl.texas.gov/treasures/law/index.html#Canales

Unfortunately, these Rangers wrote a black chapter in the history of their organization. Not content to police the area, they engaged in heavy-handed bullying of the Tejano population and worse. It is estimated that as many as 5000 Hispanics were killed by the Rangers between 1914 and 1919. (About 400 white Texans were killed in the unrest on the border, and millions of dollars in property was destroyed.) Some shocking atrocities were perpetrated against civilians on both sides.

From its start in 1910, violence along the border increased dramatically. Between 1910 and 1920, at least 127,000 migrants fled Mexico to Texas to escape the war. Although the border had always been porous on both sides of the Rio Grande, these migrants moved farther into the interior of Texas for work and stayed longer, if not permanently settled in the state.

But before anyone jumps up and Shouts INJUSTICE, what was going on during this Time Period?

The Bandit War, or Bandit Wars, was a series of raids in Texas that started in 1915 and finally culminated in 1919. They were carried out by Mexican rebels from the states of TamaulipasCoahuila, and Chihuahua. Prior to 1914, the Carrancistas had been responsible for most attacks along the border, but in January 1915, rebels known as Seditionistas drafted the Plan of San Diego and began launching their own raids. The plan called for a race war to rid the American border states of their Anglo-American population and for the annexation of the border states to Mexico. However, the Seditionistas could never launch a full-scale invasion of the United States and so the faction resorted to conducting small raids into Texas. Much of the fighting involved the Texas Ranger Division, but the US Army also engaged in small unit actions with bands of Seditionist raiders.

These Raiders reminds of the Criminal Activities by the Mexican Cartels in Mexico Today.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bandit_War#:~:text=The%20Bandit%20War%2C%20or%20Bandit,Tamaulipas%2C%20Coahuila%2C%20and%20Chihuahua.


Seditionista campaign

The height of the fighting was in 1915. On January 6, Basilio Ramos and a group of his followers drafted the Plan of San Diego in San Diego, Texas, to try to bring the American border states under the rule of Mexican President Venustiano Carranza. Calling themselves the Seditionistas, the rebels began attacking small American outposts and settlements along the Rio Grande, many of which were guarded by US Army soldiers. The first attack took place on July 4, 1915, when a band of approximately 40 mounted rebels crossed the border and raided Los Indios Ranch in Cameron County. The first bloodshed did not occur until five days later, however, on July 9, when an employee of the King Ranch killed one of the raiders near the Norias Ranch. On July 11, two Mexican-American police officers were shot from a distance near Brownsville, both died.[2] American authorities said that “the Mexican officers knew of the plans [Plan of San Diego] of their fellows before the real beginning of the operations and that this was the cause of the several efforts to assassinate them.” Over the next two weeks, there were various reports of raids, attacks on police officers, and assassination attempts on local landowners. By the end of July, the raiders were trying to cut off communications to the people in the Lower Rio Grande Valley and disrupt railroad transportation. On July 25, they burned a bridge belonging to the St. Louis, Brownsville and Mexico Railway and then cut some telegraph wires near Harlingen. A few days after that, the Governor of TexasJames E. Ferguson, sent the Texas Ranger Captain Harry Ransom into the Lower Rio Grande Valley to lead a “pacification campaign.” According to author John William Weber, Ransom was in charge of an “assassination squad” that conducted a “scorched-earth campaign of annihilation” against both guilty and innocent Mexicans.[3][4]

Some people suspected that the current fighting would ignite a full-fledged war between the United States and Mexico. One South Texan wrote, “I have never been satisfied with the Alamo and Goliad events, and always have felt that there was something yet due the Mexicans from us, and if there is a second call and for a war, the Mexicans will certainly get what is due them from the Texans.” On July 29, a Mexican, Adolfo Munoz, was killed near San Benito for “scheming to rob a local bank and having connections with armed raiders.” Cameron County Deputy Sheriff Frank Carr and the Texas Ranger Daniel Hinojosa arrested Munoz but according to the officers, when they were leaving San Benito, a party of eight armed men wearing masks forced them to give up Munoz. The next day, Munoz’s body was found about two miles from town and had been “riddled with bullets” and hanging from a tree. The lynching, whether perpetrated by the rebels or by the Texans, created an atmosphere of distrust among the local Mexican population for the Texas Rangers and other American police forces. José Tomás Canales said that “every person who was charged with a crime refused to be arrested, because they did not believe that the officers of the law would give them the protection guaranteed them by the Constitution and the laws of this State.” A lawyer in San Benito, William G. B. Morrison, said that Munoz’s lynching had been “the spark that fired the flame among the white people.” However, a federal investigator said that the lynching had been “an expression of the indignation of the people against the repeated failure to enforce the laws.”[4]

John William Weber considers that “personal conflict” was the cause of some of the violence and that the “most important example” was that of Aniceto Pizana, the owner of Los Tulitos Ranch. Pizana’s neighbor, Jeff Scrivener, was known for wanting Pizana’s land and so in early August, he told American authorities that Pizana was in league with the rebels and had harbored some of them during one of their raids. Despite that accusation, no evidence suggests that Pizana ever had any significant ties with the rebels though he was a friend of Luis de la Rosca, a known raider who owned a store in Rio Hondo. In response to Scrivener’s claim, a force of about 30 Texas Rangers, US Army soldiers, and some deputy sheriffs attacked the Los Tulitos Ranch on August 3. During the gunfight that followed, one soldier was killed, and three other people were wounded, including two deputy sheriffs and Pizana’s son. Pizana himself got away and, according to Weber, joined up with Luis de la Rosca after the attack on his ranch. From then on, Rosca and Pizana became the “primary military leaders of the Plan [of San Diego].” On August 6, Luis de la Rosca led a raid on the town of Sebastian, killing A. L. Austin and his son Charles. Austin formerly served as the president of the Law and Order League which, according to federal investigators, “had driven several bad men out of that section [Sebastian, Texas]” and so was an ideal target for the raiders, who thought of him as a racist. Within the next few days after the deaths of the Austins, several local Mexicans were killed by either the Texas Rangers or vigilantes. A posse led by the Texas adjudant general, Henry Hutchings, and Captain Ransom killed three people alone. Meanwhile, the rebels were destroying railroad property by ripping up tracks, burning bridges, and attacking the repairmen who were sent to fix the problems.[4]

The “most daring” raid during the Seditionistas’ campaign occurred at the Norias Ranch, the headquarters for the southernmost division of the King Ranch. On the night of August 8, somewhere between 45 and 70 rebels attacked Norias, which was defended by a squad of American cavalrymen, a few policemen and a few ranchers. During the two-hour battle that followed, at least a dozen people were killed or wounded and possibly many more before the rebels retreated back towards Mexico. Another battle was fought on the next morning, when the Mexican raiders encountered a force of Texas Rangers and soldiers as they attempted to cross the Rio Grande. The Americans reported that as many as twelve more rebels were killed and that very few made it across the river. For the next few weeks, West Texas was plagued by “almost daily killings,” the most notable of which occurred on October 19. That day, a band of raiders derailed a train six miles north of Brownsville and killed several white people on board but left the Mexican passengers unhurt. When Captain Ransom arrived at the scene he found four Mexicans in the vicinity and executed them all. On October 21, Rosca and Pizana led 25 to 100 rebels in the last important raid of the Seditionista campaign. Like most of the raids, it was a failure for the rebels. This time, a squad of eight army signalmen was besieged by the Mexicans at Ojo de Agua until it was relieved by 12 men from the 3rd Cavalry, under Captain W. J. Scott. At least seven rebels died as result of the battle and at least seven others were wounded. The Americans suffered one civilian death, three soldiers killed, and eight wounded.[4][5][6][7]

By December 1915, the threat of Mexican raiders was slowly diminishing, but in the summer of 1916, a series of minor attacks began, all them occurring around Laredo, Texas. That year, Luis de la Rosca recruited his Villista cousin Jose Morin to capture San Antonio, but a baker in Kingsville, known as Victoriano Ponce, informed the Texas Rangers, who arrested both men in May. The two were apparently murdered by the Rangers since they were never seen again after their arrest. According to US Army investigators, over 300 Mexicans had been killed during the Seditionistas’ campaign.[3][4]

Too Often when individuals write about the past, they wrap their own personal prejudices into their Writings. And it’s easy to write to sway your target audience into seeing things from the author’s point of view. But all of us should show what we find. What we can prove. And past testimonies of what took place are available, yet many will not take the time to do the research. Research Costs Money! Going to Libraries where these writing are available are too costly for many. Paying for leaks, gas, and rooms cost Money. And again, one’s own personal touch in How we write is always there whether consciously or not. And when I write about such a Subject as this, I at times, must walk away and then come back later to see if what I am writing is fair and accurate.

But in the 1800s, Times were hard. Texas was a lawless Land filled with lawless individuals as I hope you will see by the Articles I copied from Newspaper from way back then. And books I have read always are amazing to me how so many barely had clothes and many went barefoot even as they joined in fighting in the Confederacy. Texas’s own had to be clothed and shoes put in their feet and guns borrowed in Waco, Texas. Why? Most were Dirt Poor. I mean dirt poor.

So, no matter where you begin, the end starts and begins with you.

…Texans, I keep hearing and reading Articles about the Texas Rangers of the Great State of Texas. And these New Assessments present the Texas Ranger as being Anti-Mexican. Haters, Killers, and Hangers of Mexicans. Hating and Killing and Hanging Mexicans both in Texas and in Mexico? True or False? A bunch of Criminals were Executed right where they were found back in those days for Horse Stealing and Cattle Rustling. Buy the Way of Life back then was rough and a person had to be tougher that nails. Buy if you want to know more, you need to read from the time period and know completely what was going on.

There were times in America’s History where problems were dealt with a crushing hand. Sometimes as if we were a Communist Country hanging people to shut up the rest of the crowd. Some were very violent events and no, we mustn’t sat it never happened. Know the Past no matter how pretty or ugly it may be.

I study History and when I want the Truths about the Subject I am researching, and I have been researching since 1975, I go to the written Sources of that Time Period. And I look into Newspapers and books and Scholarly Articles from others who have Researched the Subject. And so, I started looking thru Texas Newspapers from the 1800s. And so, where is the Story of the Texas Ranger going to take us? It’s best if you read what I found for yourselves-From March 4, 1854, in the TEXAS RANGER written in Washington, Texas-

The above was written and Published in the following Texas Newspaper

But the Lawlessness was widespread all across Texas. The next suggests the bringing back the Revival of Lynch and Kangaroo Courts

Now, please realize that I am only acting as a Guide and you have to make your own Opinions. What words were used in the 1st Article about the Violence in Texas? And so, what sort of Men would ride day and night over and over and over all across Texas in the back of Horses? Bad weather. Good weather. Tough leather skinned men worn into the very Material that the State was born of. Texas came about by Violent Acts of Sam Houston’s Army killing Mexicans and Mexico Surrendering. The Great Mexican Army destroyed the men and Mission at The Alamo & Goliad.

And in 1836,the State of Texas sprang alive out of an abundance of Violence. Land Acquisition back then was Harsh and Violence bore the brunt of the Tradeoffs. Land vs Violence. Mexicans vs A Conglomerate of Settlers who came from all over the World(including Mexico) that lived in Texas and many fought for what they believed was necessary.

Before we unleash our Opinions, we must Research more. To get a Glimpse of those past Days, an Army of 1000 Researchers would be needed to show us what we can truly find. Not Opinion-nated Attitudes of Hatred over one Story reflecting one’s Heritage. All Heritages have Stories of past Innocence and past Disgust. So, let us further travel where we might find more of the Texas Truth. Another Texas Historian said this about the Texas Rangers-It was. Rangers were as honest and dishonest as any one. We’re Judge, Jury and Executioners. And Today, maybe it’s the Cell phones that make us that way, but I believe a lot of the Picture isn’t being supplied to anyone enough so we can make such judgements. But I also remember-Judge nor lest ye be Judged.

And Beef Cattle from Texas? Below is from The Texas Ranger, July 14, 1855.

I found the use of the word interesting from 1855. What was Texas Confederate?

What is Texas Confederate?

Texas had been part of the United States just 15 years when secessionists prevailed in a statewide election. Texas formally seceded on March 2, 1861 to become the seventh state in the new Confederacy. But when did Confederacy talk begin? At the Library of Congress, The Civil War: The Nation Moves Towards War, 1850-61

And I have to Ask-If the Dislike or Contempt of Mexicans during the 1800s was so great, Why weren’t Mexicans made to be Slaves as well as Blacks?

https://www.loc.gov/classroom-materials/civil-war-the-nation-moves-towards-war-1850-to-1861/

In the 1850s, the conflict over slavery brought the United States to the brink of destruction.

In the course of that decade, the debate over slavery raged in the nation’s political institutions and its public places. Congress enacted new policies related to slavery. The courts ruled on cases related to slavery. Abolitionists continued their efforts to end the institution. Political parties, also affected by issues related to slavery, realigned and reformed. Newspapers, novelists, activists, and reformers joined the debate, all responding to the crisis—or even trying to inflame it—in their own way. All of these events were important in the decade preceding Abraham Lincoln’s election and the outbreak of Civil War.

1850

In an attempt to prevent a civil war, Congress enacted a series of laws that became known as the Compromise of 1850. These included an enhanced Fugitive Slave Law. This law required law enforcement officials throughout the country to aid in the arrest of alleged runaway slaves. It provoked a national controversy and many Northerners refused to enforce the law’s provisions.

1852

Harriet Beecher Stowe’s anti-slavery novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin was published. It sold 300,000 copies in the United States in the first year of its publication, spurring on the work of abolitionists and enraging those who defended slavery. It also spawned several other plays and musicals, some carrying on the theme of the book, others taking a pro-slavery approach. While Stowe’s book was strongly anti-slavery, it also created and reinforced stereotypes about African Americans.

1854

Congress passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which allowed settlers in the new territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide whether they would allow slavery. The Republican Party was formed in response to opening the Northern territories to slavery.

1855

Anti-slavery Free-Staters and pro-slavery Border Ruffians clashed in Kansas. The violence, which lasted for several years, became known as the Border War, or Bleeding Kansas.

1857

The U.S. Supreme Court handed down the Dred Scott decision (Scott v. Sandford). The ruling stated that no one of African descent could qualify for U.S. citizenship. This decision further outraged abolitionists.

1859

John Brown led a band of about 20 radical abolitionists in a raid on the U.S. arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia. Brown hoped to set off a slave revolt, but then plan failed. Brown and several other men were caught and executed.

1860

Abraham Lincoln won the Republican nomination for president, running against the Democratic candidate Stephen A. Douglas. Even before Lincoln won the election, Southern states began threatening to secede if the Republican candidate won. Following Lincoln’s victory, South Carolina seceded from the United States on December 20.

1861

  • January-February: Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas seceded. The six states that had seceded formed a government called the Confederate States of America, or Confederacy. Jefferson Davis was elected its president.
  • March: Lincoln was inaugurated. Congress authorized raising an army of volunteers.
  • April 12: Confederates fired on Fort Sumter in South Carolina. U.S. Major General Richard Anderson surrendered the fort.
  • April 15: Lincoln issued a proclamation declaring that the Southern states were engaged in an insurrection. He called for 75,000 troops from the state militias to join the federal army.
  • April-June: Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee seceded and joined the Confederacy.

But none of that explains why Mexicans weren’t turned into Slaves? And the Question of Immigration or Emigration? Look at what they said in this Newspaper February 9, 1854 Article-

We, then, say to those wishing to emigrate, now is your time.

That was 1854 and now in 2022, We, then, say to those wishing to emigrate, Now ain’t your turn, We are plum Full, Find another State to go to.

Lets face it, Texans are fully Vocal and often times vocalize their dislikes. Texans don’t say much about their Likes except maybe a Food they like at a particular Restaurant. Tacos, Tamales, and Steaks.

In 1854, here are words about The Fall of the Alamo-

FROM ABOVE-Water was supplied solely to the Citadel or The Alamo by a brave Mexican Woman.

The citadel was originally named Mission San Antonio de Valero, built as a home for missionaries and their American Indian converts in 1724. In 1793, Spanish officials secularized San Antonio’s five missions and allocated their lands to remaining tribal residents.

https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.warhistoryonline.com/war-articles/remember-the-haunted-alamo.html/amp%3fprebid_ab=enabled

Already, you, as a Reader of this simple Blog, have been presented with three different and valuable Sources of Information. How many of you knee that the only Water going to the Brave Fighters in the Mission San Antonio de Valero.

Who was Antonio de Valero?

Illustration of the Alamo as a mission as imagined in 1883.

By William Ludwell Sheppard (1833-1912). Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

Fray Antonio de Olivares led the Franciscan missionaries who founded the San Antonio de Valero Mission in 1718.

https://www.nps.gov/subjects/travelspanishmissions/mission-san-antonio-de-valero-the-alamo.htm

Every time you begin Research on a Subject, you’ll Open many other Doors of History as your own curiosity will inspire you to find more. As you can see, the Original narrative has been hopping over here and over there.

Why would the Texicans not enslave Mexicans just as they did Blacks? I think the answer may reside on the old saying-Never bite the hand that feeds you.

And I think a lot of Slavery migrated to Texas from the States above Texas and did not Originate in Texas. Slavers brought their Slaves to Texas. Remember the Article above where one Family brought 200 Slaves with them? On the Article about Emigration.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Plum_Creek

The battle of Plum Creek

The “battle” was really more of a running gun fight, as the Comanche War Party was trying to get back to the Llano Estacado with a huge herd of horses and mules they had captured, a large number of firearms, and other plunder such as mirrors, liquor, and cloth.[1] Volunteers from Gonzales under Mathew Caldwell and from Bastrop under Ed Burleson gathered to intercept the Comanches. Joined by Ranger companies and armed settlers hastily assembled as militia from central and east Texas, they confronted the Indians at Good’s Crossing on Plum Creek, near the modern town of Lockhart (about 27 miles south of Austin).[3] Texas history says the Texans won this battle, although the Indians got away with most of their plunder and a great many of the captured horses and mules. “Several hundred head of horses and mules were recaptured, as were also immense quantities of dry goods.”[2] The Texans reported killing 80 Comanches in the fight, yet recovered only 12 Native American bodies. [3]

Apparently greed largely determined the battle’s outcome. The Comanches would have never been caught had they not been herding such an enormous number of captured and heavily laden mules and horses. Thomas J. Pilgrim took part in the Battle of Plum Creek.[4][5]

This poem about a Cavalryman could easily be a Texas Ranger as well.

And expecting the kindest and most reverent individuals to fight in fierce Battles at a second of notice is not who Texas Rangers were. Indians were stealing cows and horses from settlers. And they committed atrocities and the people of Texas did too. But Texas Rangers, These were men of TRUE GRIT. Texas Ranger James Coryell was killed and Scalped while still Alive by Indians. And the Pity Me Group comes out against what They may have committed without A Trial. Where is the Evidence on Their Defense?

Nay, most simply find some stories and then run it up the Pity Me Flagpole. Or the Pity Them Flagpole.

The times were very cruel and living conditions were cruel. And Death at a young Age was everywhere with young getting Married then at Ages unacceptable by Today’s Terms.

But unless you Lived then, none has the right to be Judge, Jury, and Executioner of the Acts by Texas Rangers. Violence begets Violence and the most Cruel Violence was known to solve dangerous situations.

But continue with your Research by all means…I love good controversy but please bring the Burden of Proof with you.

https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/coryell-james

I was always told growing up to Let the Dead Rest in Peace. And in the BIBLE, it talks of the Dead coming out of their Graves.