World Tour of Grains-feeding a Hungry World

Types of Grains

From sources across the web!

http://www.acouplecooks.com

Quinoa

http://www.britannica.com

Barley

http://www.olgainthekitchen.com

Buckwheat

en.wikipedia.org

Millet

image of Brown rice

http://www.loveandlemons.com

Brown rice

image of Oats

http://www.healthline.com

Oats

image of Amaranth

en.wikipedia.org

Amaranth

image of Spelt

http://www.healthline.com

Spelt

image of Sorghum

en.wikipedia.org

Sorghum

image of Rice

http://www.budgetbytes.com

Rice

image of Wild rice

cookieandkate.com

Wild rice

image of Rye

en.wikipedia.org

Rye

image of Corn

http://www.britannica.com

Corn

image of Bulgur

en.wikipedia.org

Bulgur

image of Teff

en.wikipedia.org

Teff

image of Wheat

http://www.indianhealthyrecipes.com

Wheat

image of Farro

http://www.loveandlemons.com

Farro

image of Wheat Berries

en.wikipedia.org

Wheat Berries

image of Kamut

http://www.foodnetwork.com

Kamut

image of Whole grain

http://www.drayala.com

Whole grain

image of Freekeh

http://www.themediterraneandish.com

Freekeh

image of Popcorn

http://www.simplyrecipes.com

Popcorn

image of Bran

http://www.britannica.com

Bran

image of Triticale

http://www.britannica.com

Triticale

WHEAT-

What Are the Six Stages of the Life Cycle of a Wheat Plant?

Seedling Stage, Tillering Stage, Jointing Stage, Booting Stage, Heading and Flowering Stage, and Maturity Stage. The below Link exposes you to this knowledge-

https://sciencing.com/what-are-the-six-stages-of-the-life-cycle-of-a-wheat-plant-13428191.html

Six Types of Wheat-

HARD RED WINTER

HARD RED SPRING

SOFT RED WINTER

DURUM

(Sicilian)

HARD WHITE WHEAT

SOFT WHITE WHEAT

Hard red winter and hard red spring contain the highest percentages of protein are most often used in goods requiring size, like breads and rolls. Hard white and soft white contain the lowest percentages of protein and best suited for baked goods like cakes, cookies, crackers, pastries and muffins.

Wheat is planted at different times depending on a region’s weather conditions. Some farmers grow theirs in the winter while other grow theirs in the fall. Once the soil is ready, a machine called a grain drill is used to plant the seeds. Wheat grows through stages.

How is wheat planted?

How is wheat Harvested?

How is wheat grinded?

Grinding of cereal seeds is due to the mechanical action of several forces: compression, shearing, crushing, cutting, friction and collision, to which seeds are subjected, depending on the design if the mill used for grinding (roller mill, hammer mill, stones mill or ball mill).

CORN-

As one of the most widely grown grains on the planet, it’s hard to know where to begin when talking about corn. Originally from the Tehuacan region of what is now Mexico, corn, or maize, has been cultivated widely in the Americas since 2500 B.C.E. For most of its cultivation, humans have utilized hundreds of different varieties. However, over the last century, only a few varieties have been promoted, many of which are genetically modified varieties. But not to worry,  True Leaf Market carries both heirloom and hybrid corn seed varieties, all of which are non-GMO! Some favorites corn seeds include the succulent Serendipity, the bi-color Ambrosia, or the heirloom Golden Bantam 8 and 12. We proudly offer a wide line of corn seeds from smaller quantities to bulk, wholesale pricing. Corn is native to central America. It is an annual crop. Very popular for it’s versatile uses. From popcorn to vegetable oil.

https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.wideopeneats.com/types-of-corn/amp/

From sources across the web

http://www.simplyrecipes.com

Popcorn

en.wikipedia.org

Dent corn

http://www.epicurious.com

Sweet corn

en.wikipedia.org

Flint corn

image of Flour corn

http://www.southernexposure.com

Flour corn

image of Pod corn

en.wikipedia.org

Pod corn

image of Waxy corn

en.wikipedia.org

Waxy corn

How to grind Corn?

Grind small amounts of corn with a food processor, heavy duty blender or electric coffee mill. Pour in a small amount of corn. Use the pulse mode to grind. Don’t grind at continuous high speed because this will overheat the cornmeal, giving it a burnt flavor.

SOYBEANS-

Traditional unfermented food uses of soybeans include soy milk, from which tofu and tofu skin are made. Fermented soy foods include soy saucefermented bean pastenattō, and tempeh. Fat-free (defatted) soybean meal is a significant and cheap source of protein for animal feeds and many packaged meals. For example, soybean products, such as textured vegetable protein (TVP), are ingredients in many meat and dairy substitutes.[4]

Soybeans contain significant amounts of phytic aciddietary minerals and B vitaminsSoy vegetable oil, used in food and industrial applications, is another product of processing the soybean crop. Soybean is the most important protein source for feed farm animals (that in turn yields animal protein for human consumption).[5]

The genus Glycine is divided into two subgenera, Glycine and Soja. The subgenus Soja (Moench) F.J. Herm. includes the cultivated soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr., and the wild soybean, Glycine soja Sieb. & Zucc. Both species are annualsGlycine soja is the wild ancestor of Glycine max, and grows wild in ChinaJapanKorea and Russia.[7] The subgenus Glycine consists of at least 25 wild perennial species: for example, Glycine canescens F.J. Herm. and G. tomentella Hayata, both found in Australia and Papua New Guinea.[8][9] Perennial soybean (Neonotonia wightii) originated in Africa and is now a widespread pasture crop in the tropics.[10][11][12]

Like some other crops of long domestication, the relationship of the modern soybean to wild-growing species can no longer be traced with any degree of certainty.[13] It is a cultural variety with a very large number of cultivars.[14]

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soybean

BEANS-

22+ Types Of Beans You Will Regret Not Knowing 2022

Count THEM!

15 Types of Beans-

https://www.allrecipes.com/article/types-of-beans/

  • Black Beans. Black beans are a staple in many Mexican and Brazilian dishes. …
  • Black-Eyed Peas. …
  • Cannellini Beans. …
  • Chickpeas (Garbanzo Beans) …
  • Great Northern Beans. …
  • Kidney Beans. …
  • Lima Beans. …
  • Pinto Beans.

This is partially funny to watch…

TRANSPORTATION OF GRAINS-

Storage / Transport. Grain is usually shipped in bulk, but also in bags, especially seed grain. Grain is liable to damage by heating, infestation, sweat and contact with water.

Humidity / moisture: Around 13%-14%

https://www.cargohandbook.com/Grain#:~:text=and%20other%20grains.-,Storage%20%2F%20Transport,sweat%20and%20contact%20with%20water.

When grain gets wet, growth immediately starts, not only in the grain itself, but in the mould spores, yeast cells and bacteria, which are always present, causing respectively germination, fermentation and putrefaction.

Treatment for water damage is somewhat theoretical because of the necessity to apply treatment before deterioration sets in, and this is usually impossible, but when the condition of the grain is such that the cost of drying would be justified by the result, this is the only manner in which damage of this nature can be minimized.

If wetting is caused by salt water, drying out to recover the grain would not prove to be a financially viable exercise. Contamination by water causes deterioration and local heating, but general heating in grain is due to inherent vice as a result of the moisture content in the grain being too high or the period in the ship’s hold being excessive. Moisture levels for grain should be between 10% and 16%, but not exceeding 13% for maize.

Heating in dry materials may also be caused by the activity of bacteria. As a result of the feeding of bacteria, together with breathing in of oxygen, carbon dioxide and water vapour are emitted into the air. In the process, heat is produced and the temperature of the commodity rises. The higher the temperature, the more active the bacteria is in breaking down the food material into carbon dioxide and water vapour and thus more heat is produced. This may continue until the temperature reached is harmful to the bacteria and this moves outwards from the ‘hot spot’. Thus the heating and the damage become widespread in the commodity.

How do you transport grain?

Barges, railroads, and trucks often compete head-to-head to supply transportation for grains. Despite a high degree of competition in some markets, these modes also complement each other. Before a bushel of grain reaches its final destination, it has often been transported by two or more modes.

How is grain loaded onto ships?

From the storage elevator the wheat is gravity fed onto a railcar and shipped to port where it is offloaded and then reloaded to another storage elevator, usually by conveyor belts. Here, the grain is accumulated until there is sufficient load for a merchant ship.

https://www.agriculture.com/farm-management/business-planning/13-things-successful-grain-farmers-do

Feeding a Hungry World will only become more difficult in the years ahead. Drought has been commonplace everywhere. And other factors are appearing all the time. If you can, try growing as much of your own Grains and Foods as possible. But, I hope you enjoyed all of the Above as I hoped to share with you some good wholesome Knowledge.