Civil War Freed Slaves Establish Lincolnville, Texas in 1865 in Coryell County

A Town most have never ever heard of in Coryell County, Texas that has now vanished like many Texas Ghost Towns.

The Civil War took a toll on America and many families here in Texas. Coryell County, Texas wasn’t any exception. And prior to the Civil War, In the 1860 Census, Coryell County had 2,360 free residents. 81 of these had 306 Slaves. An Amount of slaves deemed much smaller than many other Texas Counties. But yes, they were there…

But the War came and went. Then here’s an interesting read about one very Historical Black Town that sprang up completely made by newly Freed Negroes in 1865.

Judge John Walker Mayberry had the Most Slaves!

He was a good man and treated his Slaves fairly. Very interesting read. And the move across the Leon River to start their Own Town was led by “Black Jim” the Overseer and Foreman of the Slaves for Judge Mayberry.
Judge Mayberry and Wife
May 7th, 1954

But Civil War happiness did not abound in Coryell County Texas as boys and men who were mostly farmers left their homes to fight with ragged clothes. few weapons, and many were barefoot Hillibillies. They even postponed leaving to Harvest Crops.

Mattie Jann’s words written in a letter dated-April 14, 1864

All the talk is war, war. When will this awful strife be over when what few men are left can come home and live in peace.

Earlier she had written-

They have had a terrible battle.
There was lost sixteen hundred men and taken two thousand prisoners. We have lost several great
men. News come this morning that General Tom Grem was dead. I am so uneasy I have not heard a word from Bill 

Everyone talks about many things from the Civil War, many Today bypass the Losses of the Lives that the Families in the South had suffered. but here’s a look at Slaves turned Freedmen in 1865-

Eventually, after they were freed, they were turned a-loose without any work, like rabbits or animals in the woods. My father and his mother came over on this other side of the river, and he worked. They would hire them to work, and he said he paid 25 cents an acre until he paid for 680 acres of land,” said Rowena Weatherly Keatts (1911-2001), descendant of Lincolnville founders, in the NPR program. A former Lincolnville teacher, she later became head librarian at Paul Quinn College, Waco.

In 1865, upon first hearing of their emancipation, Coryell County, Texas African-Americans were finally free to make their own ways in the world. Many chose to stay where they were — either to continue working for their former owners or to start new lives on their own in Coryell.

A look back at Lincolnville

Church founded at Lincolnville Bethlehem Baptist Church was established on April 10, 1872 in Lincolnville by the Reverend G.C. Alexander. The church later moved to Gatesville in 1882.

Lincolnville’s Bethlehem Baptist Church located four miles west of Gatesville, on the Leon River.

One of the biggest things I noticed in the Military I saw was that the mindset of Blacks I grew up with were so very different from the Militant Views of Blacks from the Northern States And like always, they treated us from Texas as Retards by the way we talked and constantly made fun of us. Both Blacks and Whites got treated poorly by the way we talked.

Several Articles I read was about the Interracial marriages during this time period. I met many in Coryell County but never knew that they were originally from Lincolnville. Many had crossed-over to the White Population. Born there or descendants.

History can show each of us a lot if we allow it to. Don’t deny or escape your past. Learn from it.

Once, many years ago, I saw the names of all the Slaves Owners for Texas but you can’t find that List with the Names now…

But the 1st Newspaper Article pretty well says it all about No Race Riots in Texas like other States. Here, I’ve always gotten along well with my Black Friends. But one friend went to LA and he came back very anti-White and Militant. LA changed him drastically.