Joseph Hansdrough Brown
My Great, Great Grandfather was in Company I 15th Regiment Texas Infantry. And the 15th was from Grayson County Texas. And in 1896, they erected a Statue honoring those who had Died in the Civil War.
|The first Confederate Monument erected in Texas on Courthouse Grounds|
|April 3, 1896.|
|Original Cost: $5,000 Today’s Dollars: $127,800|
|After the Civil War, the United Confederate Veterans and United Daughters of the Confederacy were very active in helping the old Civil War Veterans and began to erect monuments in their honor. Below is a listing of Confederate Monuments that are located in Texas by County. There are more than fifty Civil War statues and memorials located in Texas and hundreds throughout the South. The United Confederate Veterans of Texas and The United Daughters of the Confederacy usually sponsored the construction of the Confederate monuments and statues, with the most popular design being the traditional statue of a confederate soldier who stands at parade rest on summits overlooking parks, cemeteries, and courthouse lawns throughout the State of Texas. When the Confederate statues in Texas were being erected, many communities struggled for years raising the funds for the confederate monument to honor the veterans. Most of the Confederate Statues in Texas are over 100 years old and the quality of workmanship is incredible.|
Texas declared its secession from the Union on February 1, 1861, and joined the Confederate States on March 2, 1861, after it had replaced its governor, Sam Houston, who had refused to take an oath of allegiance to the Confederacy.
Admitted to the Confederacy: March 23, 1861
Confederate troops: 70,000
Union troops: 2,000
Restored to the Union: March 30, 1870
But who was this 15th Texas Regiment Infantry? And if you look for or thru Civil War Records, you won’t have the easiest of times. I’ve looked for weeks for just little things.
No one can runaway from your Family’s Past. But what many chose to ignore was that the BLACK Population in many Texas Counties were less than 2% during the Civil War. And if that is correct. Today’s Statute Removers should be able to remove ONLY the same percentage of that Statue as directly related to the amount of Black Population living in that County at the Time of the Civil War and that was 9% Grayson County. So, 9% of the Statute can be removed?
A cornball idea? Or a fair idea? And only the Direct Descendants can decide which 9%. Fair? It’s a memorial honoring the Dead. Texas was not this glorious State of Grandeur Slave Plantations. It was largely a State just trying to get by. And trying to make Counties work.
And Iook at the 1860 U.S. TEXAS CENSUS below in Download-
Mulatto definition is – the first-generation offspring of a Black person and a white person. It’s on the Census above and I thought you might want to know the definition.
FIFTEENTH TEXAS INFANTRY.
In early 1862 the Fifteenth Texas organized under
Col. Joseph Warren Speight. Companies came from Waco and Central Texas as well as Corsicana and Velasco. In the summer the regiment drilled in East Texas before marching to Arkansas in the fall. After a brief time with Randle’s Brigade, the Fifteenth Texas in December joined Gen. Thomas Hindman’s army in western Arkansas.
In January 1863, Speight received command of a brigade that also included four dismounted Texas cavalry regiments. With Lt. Col. James E. Harrison commanding the Fifteenth Texas, the brigade then marched from Fort Smith through snow to the Red River in February. In April orders sent the regiment and the brigade to Gen. Richard Taylor in Louisiana. The Fifteenth Texas and one other regiment moved to the Mississippi River where they harassed Union outposts and shipping in the summer. Despite problems with illness, the Fifteenth Texas under Maj. John W. Daniel led a successful attack on a Federal force at Stirling’s Plantation on September 29. In October the Fifteenth Texas under Harrison became part of Polignac’s Brigade.
On November 3 Gen. Thomas Green led cavalry and infantry, including the Fifteenth Texas, in a surprise attack that drove back Union troops on Bayou Bourbeau.
In February and March 1864 the regiment and the brigade skirmished with Federal forces at Vidalia and Harrisonburg before rejoining General Taylor for the Red River campaign. At Sabine Crossroads and at Pleasant Hill the brigade joined in an attack on the Union Army that halted its advance on April 8 and 9. The Fifteenth Texas and the brigade harassed the Federal withdrawal down the Red River, but a final engagement at Yellow Bayou on May 18 proved unsuccessful. After a summer attempt to cross the Mississippi River failed, the brigade moved to Arkansas in the fall. In November the Fifteenth Texas returned to Louisiana where it remained through February 1865. Then in March the regiment moved into its home state where it disbanded in May.
Col. Robert H. Taylor‘s Twenty-second, Col. Trezevant C. Hawpe‘s Thirty-first, and Col. Almerine M. Alexander‘s Thirty-fourth Texas Cavalry regiments were raised in the winter of 1861 and the spring of 1862 in North Texas. In the spring and summer of 1862 they were ordered into Indian Territory and Arkansas, where they were organized into a brigade with some Indian regiments under Col. Douglas H. Cooper. In the fall of 1862 the brigade fought at Shirley’s Ford and at Newtonia, Missouri, before being driven back into Arkansas, where they were dismounted for service as infantry. The brigade was joined by Col. Thomas Coke Bass‘s Twentieth Texas Cavalry, served under several commanders, and fought at Prairie Grove, Arkansas, in the late fall and winter of 1862. In January 1863 the Fifteenth Texas Infantry under Col. Joseph Warren Speight joined the brigade, which marched through snow back to Texas under Speight’s command, leaving the Twentieth Texas in Indian Territory.
In the spring of 1863 the brigade was sent to Louisiana, where the Twenty-second and Thirty-fourth were retrained as infantry, while the Fifteenth and the Thirty-first were joined by the Eleventh Texas Battalion in skirmishes and the battles of Stirling’s Plantation and Bayou Bourbeau. In the fall of 1863 the brigade was reunited under Gen. Camille de Polignac, with the addition of the Seventeenth Texas Consolidated Dismounted Cavalry and the later loss of the Eleventh Texas Battalion. The brigade skirmished at Vidalia and Harrisonburg, Louisiana, in early 1864 before joining Gen. Richard Taylor‘s army to defeat federal forces in the Red River campaign in April and May. Polignac became division commander after the battle of Mansfield and was succeeded by several brigade commanders, including Robert Dillard Stone, who was killed at Yellow Bayou, Wilburn Hill King, and Richard E. Harrison. In the fall of 1864 the brigade moved into Arkansas and then back to Texas, where it disbanded in May 1865.
November 3, 1863-
The Battle of Bayou Bourbeux
also known as the
Battle of Grand Coteau,
Battle of Boggy Creek or the
Battle of Carrion Crow Bayou (Carencro is the Cajun French word for buzzard), which is present day Carencro Bayou, was fought in southwestern Louisiana west of the town of Grand Coteau, during the American Civil War.
|Battle of Bayou Bourbeux|
|Part of the American Civil War|
Attack on the Sixtieth Indiana.
Frank Leslie, artist
|DateNovember 3, 1863LocationSt. Landry Parish, LouisianaResultConfederate victory|
|United States of America||Confederate States of America|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Stephen Burbridge||Thomas Green|
|XIII Corps||Green’s Division|
|Casualties and losses|
|26 killed, 124 wounded, 566 missing||22 killed, 103 wounded|
Under orders from Major General Richard Taylor, Green launched the attack on the Union camp after receiving three infantry regiments on November 2, 1863. These regiments were led by Colonel Oran M. Roberts.
The Federals reported casualties of 26 killed, 124 wounded, and 566 captured or missing. The Confederates admitted a loss of 22 killed and 103 wounded.
RED RIVER CAMPAIGN:
The Red River campaign of March to May 1864 occurred during the Civil War after the fall of Vicksburg and Port Hudson. At that time President Abraham Lincoln authorized a campaign against Shreveport, Louisiana, then the temporary capital of Confederate Louisiana. It was a major supply depot and a gateway to Texas. Though the operation was opposed by generals Ulysses S. Grant, William T. Sherman, and Nathaniel P. Banks, it was favored by General in Chief Henry W. Halleck. Banks was commander of the Department of the Gulf and was engaged in operations against the Confederacy along the Texas Gulf Coast. Under some pressure from Halleck, Banks concentrated his forces on a campaign to secure the area along the Red River to Shreveport. Objectives for this campaign included preventing a Confederate alliance with the French in Mexico; denying southern supplies to Confederate forces; and securing vast quantities of Louisiana and Texas cotton for northern mills. By 1863 Confederate general Richard Taylor, with his headquarters in Alexandria, was aware that Union operations up the Red River were under consideration as a means to penetrate the Department of Texas. The Red River was navigable by steamship for as many as six months of the year and could provide for cooperative army and naval operations. It could support shifting bases as an invading force pressed into the interior. He made his concerns known to Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith, commander of the Trans-Mississippi Department, and through him, to President Jefferson Davis. Taylor began to establish supply bases up the Red River; this included the rehabilitation by Walker’s Texas Division of Fort DeRussy near Simmesport, Louisiana. He began to warn citizens of the impending operations, and to limit the sale of cotton to speculators who were selling to northern buyers. After failing to stem significantly the sale of cotton, Taylor by early 1864 had ordered that all bailed and seeded cotton be burned.
In the spring of 1864 General Banks began to gather his forces—an army of about 17,000—for a march to Alexandria, Louisiana. In Alexandria, Banks was to join a 10,000-member troop detachment from General Sherman’s Mississippi command and a 15,000-member troop detachment under Gen. Frederick Steele. The detachment from Sherman’s Army of the Tennessee was under the command of Gen. Andrew J. Smith. Smith’s forces, escorted up the Red River by a fleet of ironclads and gunboats under Adm. David D. Porter, disembarked at Simmesport and captured the partially completed Fort DeRussy on March 14. Smith and Porter occupied Alexandria on March 19. Banks arrived on March 25, a week late. Steele was delayed and was too late to take part in the campaign. The movement of the Union forces up the Red River was slowed by unseasonably low water levels, which hampered Porter in getting his ships over the rapids. Gen. Richard Taylor, in command of the Confederate forces opposing Banks, was retreating upriver as he awaited Confederate troops that were on the way to assist him. Taylor’s forces consisted of Maj. Gen. John George Walker‘s Texas Division, Col. William Vincent’s Second Louisiana Cavalry, and William Mouton’s Louisianans, with a small brigade of Texans under the command of Brig. Gen. Camille A. J. M. Prince de Polignac; reinforcements of cavalry and infantry were coming from Texas. On March 21 the Federals captured 250 of Vincent’s men near Henderson Hill after a small skirmish. Brig. Gen. Thomas Green‘s Texas cavalry joined Taylor at Pleasant Hill. Green was placed in command of Taylor’s rear guard and Taylor fell back to Mansfield.
The Union forces had reached the Natchitoches area by April 2, 1864, and remained there until April 6, when they took a road to Mansfield toward Shreveport. Banks was unaware that another road followed the river and would have allowed support from the Union gunboats. The column was led by the cavalry, under Brig. Gen. Albert L. Lee; following were a large supply train of some 350 wagons, the Thirteenth Corps, the Nineteenth Corps, and a force under Gen. A. J. Smith. On April 7, three miles north of Pleasant Hill, Lee’s cavalry skirmished with Green’s rear guard. On April 8 the Union column was strung out single file along some twenty miles of road when it encountered the Confederate force about three miles south of Mansfield. Upon contact with the Confederate forces, General Banks came up the column and assumed command. He ordered reinforcements under Maj. Gen. William B. Franklin from the rear, but they were delayed by road congestion. Before the reinforcements could reach the front, General Taylor, with a total force of 8,800, attacked. The Federals, even with Franklin’s arrival, were routed. The battle of Mansfield may have been the most humiliating defeat of the entire war. The Union forces of 12,000 had 700 men killed or wounded and 1,500 taken prisoner; 20 Union artillery pieces and 200 wagons were captured, and almost 1,000 horses and mules were lost. The Confederate army of 8,800 had 1,000 killed or wounded. Banks fell back to Pleasant Hill. William H. Emory and the Nineteenth Corps moved up and met with Taylor’s pursuing forces at Pleasant Grove. On the late afternoon of April 9, the Confederate forces attacked. They were repulsed and retired from the battlefield. During the night of the 9th General Banks gave the order to retire to Grand Ecore, Louisiana. The expedition seems to have been abandoned at this point, as the retreat continued down the Red River. The Union forces, especially those under the command of Gen. A. J. Smith, looted, burned, and destroyed everything in their path as they moved south. Admiral Porter, under harassment, also retreated down the river, and on reaching Alexandria he was once more slowed by low water over the rapids. Army Engineer lieutenant colonel Joseph Bailey constructed a series of wing dams that permitted Porter and his boats to pass on May 13. That same day A. J. Smith’s troops burned the city of Alexandria to the ground. Taylor continued to harass the retreating Union army, with the final skirmishes of the Red River campaign occurring at Mansura, Louisiana, on May 16 and at Yellow Bayou on May 18.
Until today. I really haven’t done much research on any of the Civil War. But I wanted to know just a little about it. Part of the camaraderie I’m sure seemed great. But the Musket Balls were Not Small and seeing legs and arms and heads taken off a fella had to be a shock to one’s system. In any War.
But please read the Civil War as fact and see all the Articles written by both sides. The Well-To-Do mostly did not even fight in this War by those in the North.
I’m written many Blogs about all of it and I’ve tried to end racial Hatred as I can and do ask that you do too as only you can. But I’m thinking a whole lot of America today has seen that there is a tremendous amount of pain, racial pain piled upon the black community for generations and ignorance of this is no longer a justifying viewpoint by anyone. It happened, it happens, and it will continue take place. I know it’s true because of my best friends being Black and they telling me tales that are extremely painful just to hear. I’ve learned to detect the words of a Liar pretty quickly having Retired as a Texas Prison Guard.
But even Today, I know there are many Excellent Liars. But I’ve seen even today that there are still those that distort the truth about dang near everything. And they live to upset all of us.
But Family History is just that. And yes. I am a descendant of a Confederate Soldier. Now. Did he kill any one or any at all? Did he kill many? And what were his thoughts about that War? I’m sure everyone went because you’d be considered a Coward had you not. Coryell County Texas didn’t have that many families. And not many Slaves. But they did Have Slaves.
Joseph Hansdrough Brown
|BIRTH||4 May 1831|
|DEATH||8 May 1911 (aged 80)|
|BURIAL||Pleasant Grove CemeteryCoryell County, Texas, USA|
- Fact: Residence (1850) Marshall county, Marshall, Tennessee, United States
- Fact: Residence (1860) Bell, Texas, United States
- Fact: Residence (1900) Justice Precinct 5 (west part), Coryell, Texas, United States
- Fact: Residence (1910) Justice Precinct 5, Coryell, Texas, United States
- Fact: Burial (1911) , Coryell, Texas, United States of America
Geographical list of Texas State Troops, 1861-1865:
And when anyone says Texas succeeded and Slavery wasn’t a part needs to back up. Next is the Declarations declared by Texas as Justification for leaving the Union. If you wanna know, you got to go to the Original Source.
And if you were too Lazy to “click” and read, here’s an exert-
She (Texas) was received as a commonwealth holding, maintaining and protecting the institution known as negro slavery–the servitude of the African to the white race within her limits–a relation that had existed from the first settlement of her wilderness by the white race, and which her people intended should exist in all future time.
Yep. You read it. Keep Blacks Slaves for All Future Times…
But that was then and now, all of us must learn to live as Brothers and Sisters and love each other…
Along with Joseph Hansdrough Brown, his Brother fought in the Civil War as well-
Handbook of Texas Online:
Brown’s Creek, Texas
Brown’s Creek, a farming and ranching community with a one-room school, was twelve miles south of Gatesville in southern Coryell County. In 1855 John M. Brown settled on the creek, which was named for him. Residents received their mail at Boaz from 1875 until 1912. The community was in decline when the area was appropriated for Camp Hood (later Fort Hood) in 1942.
Browns Creek, John M. Brown came to Coryell County in 1855 and settled on the creek that now bears his name. When war between the States broke out in 1861 he entered the Confederate Army and was commissioned Captain. He planned the coup that resulted in the capture of Frank Harko, or Harco, who depredated upon Coryell County settlers during the Civil War. Harko was soon afterward lynched.
The unheralded battles in the Confederate Trans-Mississippi Dept. yielded just as much courage and determination on both sides , as the Battles of Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. And Captain John M. Brown, Co I, 15th Texas Inf., fought in more than thirty of those small scale, savage battles, most of which took place in bayous of Louisiana.
Born in Giles Co., Tn. in 1835, at age twenty Brown moved to Coryell Co., Texas, where his family built a home on the Lonestar frontier and frequently defended it against raiding Comanche Indians. For two years, Brown ran a sawmill in McLennan County, and later served as a Coryell County bailiff, a very dangerous occupation in those days.
In March 1862 he enlisted in the 15th Texas and was elected 2d Lieut. After a November promotion to 1st lieut., he became a company commander in May 1863. Brown was again promoted, this time to captain, after a skirmish at Washington, Louisiana, in Oct. that year.
The 15th Texas Brigade, commanded by Colonel J.W. Speight, was ordered to Shreveport, Louisiana, in March 1863. The men had spent a difficult winter in Arkansas, so only the 15th and a nameless battalion were fit to fight at the front. They passed the summer of 1863 fighting in Louisiana’s “Teche Country.”
On September 29, Speight’s reformed brigade, with an infantry brigade commanded by Brigadier General J.J.A.A. Mouton, carried the battle at Stirling’s Plantation, seven miles from Morganza, Louisiana, on the road to the Atchafalaya River. An advance deachment of 1,000 Union troopers from a division commanded by Major General N.J.T. Dana, held a defensive position at the plantation. Charging across 400 yards of rain-soaked open fields, the two Confederate brigades, with the help of a cavalry unit, drove the Yanks from three defensive positions and took 462 prisoners. Speight’s brigade lost 104 of its 600-man complement: the 15th lost 67.
In Spring 1864, During Union Major General Nathaniel P. Banks’ Red River Campaign, the 15th Texas joined Confederate officer and expatriate French nobleman Prince Camille de Polignac’s (called “Polecat” by the Texans) division, fighting admirably in the Battle of Mansfield, Louisiana, where they were instrumental in routing Banks’ powerful army. Subsequently, the Texans saw extensive action, as the Confederates tried to follow up their victory. In July, what was left of Speight’s old brigade was ordered to Shreveport and saw little action thereafter.
A month later, Brown resigned his commission, stating that he felt he could be of more use “in a different branch of the service, and as a private soldier.” He then enlisted as a private in the 21st Texas Cavalry, but nothing is known of his service as a horseman.
More is known, however, of Brown’s commander, Lieutenant Colonel DeWitt Clinton Giddings, a native of Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania. By the time of the Civil War, he had been an attorney in Texas for nine years, and in post-war years became a respected U.S. Congressman for his adopted state.
After the war, Brown farmed in Texas, named several sons after Confederate heroes, and frequently pursued Indians and outlaws on the frontier. He was also very active in Confederate veteran organizations, until his death in Gatesville in 1907.