The Story of G.I. Joe-A 5-Star Movie from 1945

The story of G.I. Joe

A 5-Star Movie in every sense of the word.

TheStoryofG.I.Joe

It has wonderful acting and this is a movie that is a haunting movie showing the mental effects of War on folks for sure.

And it is available for your viewing on YouTube right now and I even included the link down below in your reading.

I cannot over-emphasize how unique this movie is.  It’s a 1945 Gem for sure.  And most have never even heard of it.

The Story of G.I. Joe is a Life Portal into the Past where all of us can see U.S. Soldiers in their fullness and their empty hauntings across the Time-line of our History and you can see those long distant stares that Combat Veterans say come from being in Combat and seeing horrific instances of Death and Destruction.

Too many people have no clue how quickly the SHOCKWAVE reaches out from bombs and Artillery from all directions when the bomb or Artillery round hits or explodes.  You could be half a mile away and die from that Shockwave and that is just one of the horrors of War.

And what always comes back to me is the amount of whole cities blown all to hell by Artillery and  Aerial Bombing from the air and from grenades and tanks and explosive packs and so on.  And I viewed these same things in News Footage from Syria where whole towns have been bombed back to just cementing rubble.

But can you place yourself in one of the shoes of one of the characters in this movie?

Try it and try picking Robert Mitchum as your persona and he’s a sure bet as he always plays tough guy characters and he does in this one for sure.  He’s walking granite and nothing can harm this guy for sure.

Robert Mitchum and Meredith Burgess are actors who always bring their own brand of acting with them in all of their movies.  These two are always enjoyable to watch.  But for this one, this movie brings out the actual-ness of walking and traveling to battle, the battles, and then tragic losses.  To live in miserable conditions that are hard to describe by anyone, I pray never happen to you.

I had my share of being in the field Overseas and at Fort Hood with the 1st Cav.  But my experiences were not War Torn Nightmares of Horror and Cruelty and so much that all of these men and women saw and participated in during WWII.  That War was Hell and it was no game for sure.

But, can I say something to you that might bring you to watching an old B&W movie?  Yep, it’s B&W.  But please don’t let that B&W cause you to shy away.  It’s well worth the view and it was done at at time when War Correspondence was IN THE GAME. IN THE GAME 1st HAND.  And Ernie Pyle was every bit of that and his daily column was viewed all across America by hundreds of Newspapers and so on.

This movie was nominated for four Academy Awards.

And as I watched this movie, it brought back many times to me when I had to be in days and nights of being in the rain.  And the time I put my inflatable small mattress on the ground in a small low place and then on top of that, I put my sleeping bag and then on top of that sleeping bag with me in it was my rain poncho.  And then, the rain started pouring and it poured and it poured and then I felt the mattress rise up and off we were floating into a small ravine of fast moving rain water.  And oh yeah, I got soaked and so did my sleeping bag.

But all Soldiers can relate to this movie and if you have a grandfather, father, brother, or even Grandmother, Mother, sister or friend who was a Soldier around, bring him or to the TV Tube and below is the YouTube link, just “click” on the movie screen for this movie and show that special person who were in the Military with you on their side with some fresh popped popcorn.  And then watch as a tear or two fills his eyes before this one is over and you just might find some in your eyes too.  This movie is a moving movie.  A movie that will ignite those past times that someone may have been thru while he or was in the Military and give you a better glimpse of what Military Life is really like.

But Ernie Pyle?  Hey who is this man?

The man is fully described below in this wikipedia.org re-post

Please support Wikipedia.org.  Thank you.

This job of writing about Ernie Pyle is some of the very best I have ever read and I hope that you too will take a moment to remember

an American Treasure-Mr. Ernie Pyle

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernie_Pyle

Ernie Pyle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ernie Pyle
Ernie Pyle cph.3b08817.jpg

Ernie Pyle in 1945
Born
Ernest Taylor Pyle

August 3, 1900

Died April 18, 1945 (aged 44)

Iejima, Japan
Cause of death Killed by enemy fire
Resting place National Memorial Cemetery of the PacificHonolulu
Occupation Journalist
Spouse(s) Geraldine Elizabeth Siebolds (1925–1945, his death)
Parent(s) William Clyde Pyle and Maria Taylor

Ernest Taylor Pyle (August 3, 1900 – April 18, 1945) was a Pulitzer Prize–winning American journalist and war correspondent who is best known for his stories about ordinary American soldiers during World War II. Pyle is also notable for the columns he wrote as a roving, human-interest reporter from 1935 through 1941 for the Scripps-Howard newspaper syndicate that earned him wide acclaim for his simple accounts of ordinary people across North America. When the United States entered World War II, he lent the same distinctive, folksy style of his human-interest stories to his wartime reports from the European theater (1942–44) and Pacific theater (1945). Pyle won the Pulitzer Prize in 1944 for his newspaper accounts of “dogface” infantry soldiers from a first-person perspective. He was killed by enemy fire on Iejima (then known as Ie Shima) during the Battle of Okinawa.

At the time of his death in 1945, Pyle was among the best-known American war correspondents. His syndicated column was published in 400 daily and 300 weekly newspapers nationwide. President Harry Truman was among those who paid tribute to Pyle: “No man in this war has so well told the story of the American fighting man as American fighting men wanted it told. He deserves the gratitude of all his countrymen.”[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Ernest “Ernie” Taylor Pyle was born on August 3, 1900, on the Sam Elder farm near Dana, Indiana, in rural Vermillion County, Indiana. His parents were Maria (Taylor) and William Clyde Pyle.[2][3] At the time of Pyle’s birth his father was a tenant farmer on the Elder property.[4] Neither of Pyle’s parents attended school beyond the eighth grade.[3]

Pyle, an only child, disliked farming and pursued a more adventurous life.[5] After graduating from a local high school in Bono, Lawrence County, Indiana, he enlisted in the U.S. Naval Reserve during World War I. Pyle began his training at the University of Illinois at Champaign–Urbana, but the war ended before he could be transferred to the Great Lakes Naval Training Station for additional training.[6][7][8]

Pyle enrolled at Indiana University in 1919,[9] aspiring to become a journalist. However, IU did not offer a degree in journalism at that time, so Pyle majored in economics and took as many journalism courses as he could. Pyle began studying journalism in his sophomore year, the same year he joined Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity and began working on the Indiana Daily Student, the student-written newspaper. During his junior year Pyle became the newspaper’s city editor and its news editor; he also worked on the Arbutus, the campus yearbook, although he did not enjoy the desk-bound work. Pyle’s simple, storytelling writing style, which he developed while a student at IU, later became his trademark style as a professional journalist and earned him millions of readers as a columnist for Scripps-Howard newspaper syndicate.[10]

In March 1922, during his junior year at IU, Pyle and three of his fraternity brothers dropped out of school for a semester to follow the IU baseball team on a trip to Japan. Pyle and his fraternity brothers found work aboard the S.S. Keystone State. During its voyage across the Pacific Ocean, the ship docked at ports such as ShanghaiHong Kong, and Manila, as well as in Japan before returning trip to the United States. Pyle’s interest in traveling and exploring the world would continue in his later years as a reporter.[11][12]

After his trip across the Pacific, Pyle returned to IU Bloomington, where he was named editor-in-chief of the Indiana Summer Student, the summer edition of the campus newspaper. During his senior year at IU, Pyle continued his work at the Daily Student and the Arbutus. He also joined Sigma Delta Chi, the journalism fraternity, and was active in other campus clubs. In addition, Pyle was selected as a senior manager of IU’s football team, making him a letterman along with the other members of the team in 1922.[13]

Pyle left school in January 1923 with only a semester remaining and without graduating from IU.[14][15] He took a job as a newspaper reporter for the LaPorte Herald in LaPorte, Indiana, earning $25 a week.[16][17] Pyle worked at the Herald for three months before moving to Washington, D.C., to join the staff of The Washington Daily News.[17]

Personal life[edit]

Pyle met his future wife, Geraldine Elizabeth “Jerry” Siebolds (August 23, 1899 – November 23, 1945), a native of Minnesota, at a Halloween party in Washington, D.C., in 1923. They married in July 1925.[18][19] In the early years of their marriage the couple traveled the country together. In Pyle’s newspaper columns describing their trips, he often referred to her as “That Girl who rides with me.”[20] In June 1940 Pyle purchased property about 3 miles (4.8 km) from downtown Albuquerque, New Mexico, and had a modest, 1,145-square-foot (106.4 m2) home built on the site. The residence served as the couple’s home base in the United States for the remainder of their lives.[21]

Ernie and Jerry Pyle had a tempestuous relationship. He often complained of being ill, was a “heavy abuser of alcohol at times,” and suffered from bouts of depression, later made worse from the stress of his work as a war correspondent during World War II. His wife suffered from alcoholism and periods of mental illness (depression or bipolar disorder).[22][23] She also made several suicide attempts.[18][24] Although the couple divorced on April 14, 1942, they remarried by proxy in March 1943, while Pyle was covering the war in North Africa.[25][26] They had no children.[5] Newspapers reported that Jerry Pyle “took the news [of her husband’s death] bravely”, but her health declined rapidly in the months following his death on April 18, 1945, while he was covering operations of American troops on Ie Shima. Jerry Pyle died from complications of influenza at Albuquerque, New Mexico, on November 23, 1945.[27]

Career[edit]

Staff reporter and aviation columnist[edit]

In 1923 Pyle moved to Washington, D.C., to join the staff as a reporter for the Washington Daily News, a new Scripps-Howard tabloid newspaper, and soon became a copy editor as well.[17] Pyle was paid $30 a week for his services, beginning a career with Scripps-Howard that would continue for the remainder of his life. When Pyle joined the Daily News all the editors were young, including editor-in-chief John M. Gleissner, Lee G. Miller (who became a lifelong friend of Pyle)[13][28] Charles M. Egan, Willis “June” Thornton Jr., and Paul McCrea.[29]

By 1926 Pyle and his wife, Geraldine “Jerry”, had quit their jobs. In ten weeks the couple traveled more than 9,000 miles across the United States in a Ford Model T roadster.[30][31] After briefly working in New York City for the Evening World and the New York Post, Pyle returned to the Daily News in December 1927 to begin work on one of the country’s first and its best-known aviation column, which he wrote for four years. Pyle’s column appeared in syndication for the Scripps-Howard newspapers from 1928 to 1932. Although he never became an aircraft pilot, Pyle flew about 100,000 miles (160,000 km) as a passenger.[32][33]As Amelia Earhart later said, “Any aviator who didn’t know Pyle was a nobody.”[34]

Human-interest and columnist[edit]

In 1932, at the age of thirty-one, Pyle was named managing editor at the Daily News, serving in the position for three years before taking on a new writing assignment.[35][33] In December 1934 Pyle took an extended vacation in the western United States to recuperate from a severe bout of influenza. Upon his return to Washington, D.C., and while he filled in for the paper’s vacationing syndicated columnist Heywood Broun, Pyle wrote a series of eleven articles about his trip and the people he had met. The series proved popular with both readers and colleagues. G.B. (“Deac”) Parker, editor-in-chief of the Scripps-Howardnewspaper chain, said he had found in Pyle’s vacation articles “a sort of Mark Twain quality and they knocked my eyes right out.”[36]

In 1935 Pyle left his position as managing editor at the Daily News to write his own national column as a roving reporter of human-interest stories for the Scripps-Howard newspaper syndicate.[31] Over the next six years, from 1935 until early 1942, Pyle and his wife, Jerry, whom Pyle identified in his columns as “That Girl who rides with me,” traveled the United States, Canada, and Mexico, as well as Central and South America, writin about the interesting places he saw and people he met. Pyle’s column, published under the title of the “Hoosier Vagabond,” appeared six days a week in Scripps-Howard newspapers. The articles became popular with readers, earning Pyle national notoriety in the years preceding his even bigger fame as a war correspondent during World War II.[5][37]Selected columns of Pyle’s human interest stories were later compiled in Home Country (1947), published posthumously.[4]

Despite his growing popularity, Pyle lacked confidence and was perpetually dissatisfied with his writing; however, he was pleased when others recognized the quality of his work. Pyle’s aviation and travel reports laid the groundwork for his life as a war correspondent. Pyle continued his daily travel column until 1942, but by that time he was also writing about American soldiers serving in World War II.[33][5]

World War II correspondent[edit]

Pyle with a crew from the US Army’s 191st Tank Battalion at the Anzio Beachhead in 1944

Pyle shares a cigarette with soldiers on Okinawa

Pyle initially went to London in 1940 to cover the Battle of Britain, but returned to Europe in 1942 as a war correspondent for Scripps-Howard newspapers. Beginning in North Africa in late 1942, Pyle spent time with the U.S. military during the North African Campaign, the Italian campaign, and the Normandy landings. He returned to the United States in September 1943 and in September 1944, spending several weeks recuperating from combat stress before reluctantly agreeing to travel to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater in January 1945. Pyle was covering the invasion of Okinawa when he was killed in April 1945.

European theater[edit]

Pyle at Anzio, Italy, 1944

Pyle volunteered to go to London in December 1940 to cover the Battle of Britain. He witnessed the Germans firebombings of the city and reported on the growing conflict in Europe. His recollections of his experiences from this period were published in his book, Ernie Pyle in England (1941).[4][38] After returning to the United States in March 1941 and taking a three-month leave of absence from work to care for his wife, Pyle made a second trip to Great Britain in June 1942, when he accepted an assignment to become a war correspondent for Scripps-Howard newspapers. Pyle’s wartime columns usually described the war from the common man’s perspective as he rotated among the various branches of the U.S. military and reported from the front lines. Pyle joined American troops in North Africa and Europe (1942–44), and the Asiatic-Pacific Theater (1945).[31][39] Collections of Pyle’s newspaper columns from the campaigns he covered in the European theater are included in Here is Your War (1943) and Brave Men (1944).[4][38]

In his reports of the North African Campaign in late 1942 and early 1943, Pyle told stories of his early wartime experiences, which made interesting reading for Americans in the United States.[40]Through his work, Pyle became friends of the enlisted men and officers, as well as those in leadership roles such as Generals Omar Bradley and Dwight D. Eisenhower.[31][41] Pyle wrote that he was especially fond of the infantry “because they are the underdogs.”[4]

Pyle lived among the U.S servicemen and was free to interview anyone he wanted. As a noncombatant Pyle could also leave the front when he wanted. He interrupted his reporting in September 1943 and in September 1944 to return home to recuperate from the stresses of combat[42][43] and care for his wife when she was ill.[44]

Reinforcing his status as the dogface G.I.’s best friend, Pyle wrote a column from Italy in 1944 proposing that soldiers in combat should get “fight pay,” just as airmen received “flight pay.” In May 1944 the U.S. Congress passed a law that became known as the Ernie Pyle bill. It authorized 50 percent extra pay for combat service.[4] Pyle’s most famous column, “The Death of Captain Waskow,” written in Italy in December 1943, was published on January 10, 1944, when Allied forces were fighting at the Anzio beachhead in Italy.[41] The notable story also marked the peak of Pyle’s writing career.[45]

After the North African and Italian campaigns, Pyle left Italy in April 1944, relocating to England to cover preparations for the Allied landing at Normandy. Pyle was among the twenty-eight war correspondents chosen to accompany U.S. troops during the initial invasion in June 1944. He landed with American troops at Omaha Beach aboard a LST.[46] On D-Day Pyle wrote:

The best way I can describe this vast armada and the frantic urgency of the traffic is to suggest that you visualize New York city on its busiest day of the year and then just enlarge that scene until it takes in all the ocean the human eye can reach clear around the horizon and over the horizon. There are dozens of times that many.[47]

In July 1944, Pyle was nearly caught in the accidental bombing by the U.S. Army Air Forces at the onset of Operation Cobra near Saint-Lô in Normandy .[48] A month after witnessing the liberation of Paris in August 1944,[49] Pyle publicly apologized to his readers in a column on September 5, 1944, that he had “lost track of the point of the war” and that another two weeks of coverage would have seen him hospitalized with “war neurosis.” An exhausted Pyle wrote that he hoped that a rest at his home in New Mexico would restore his vigor to go “warhorsing around the Pacific”.[50]

Pacific theater[edit]

Pyle reluctantly headed for the Pacific theater in January 1945 for what became his final writing assignment.[41] While covering the U.S. navy and marine forces in the Pacific, Pyle challenged the U.S. Navy‘s policy of forbidding the use of the names of sailors in reporting the war. He won a partial but unsatisfying victory when the ban was lifted exclusively for him.[51] Pyle’s first cruise was aboard the aircraft carrier USS Cabot. He thought the naval crew had an easier life compared to the infantry in Europe and wrote several unflattering portraits of the navy.[52] In response, fellow correspondents, newspaper editorialists, and G.I.s criticized Pyle, and ex-member of the U.S. Naval Reserve, for his negative coverage of the navy in his columns and underestimating the difficulties of naval warfare in the Pacific. Pyle conceded that his heart was with the servicemen in Europe,[53] but he persevered. After traveling to Guam and resuming his writing, Pyle went on to report the naval action during the Battle of Okinawa,the largest amphibious assault in the Pacific theater during World War II.[54][55]

Death[edit]

Ernie Pyle shortly after being killed on Iejima, April 18, 1945

The Ernie Pyle Memorial on Iejima, Japan

On more than one occasion Pyle was noted for having premonitions of his own death. Before landing he wrote letters to his friend, Paige Cavanaugh, and playwright, Robert E. Sherwood, predicting that he might not survive the war.[56]

On April 17, 1945, Pyle came ashore with the U.S. Army’s 305th Infantry Regiment, 77th “Liberty Patch” Division, on Iejima (then known as Ie Shima), a small island northwest of Okinawa[57] that Allied Forces had already captured but had not yet cleared of enemy soldiers.[41] The following day, after local enemy opposition had supposedly been neutralized, Pyle was traveling by jeep with Lieutenant Colonel Joseph B. Coolidge, the commanding officer of the 305th, and three additional officers toward Coolidge’s new command post when the vehicle came under fire from a Japanese machine gunner.[58][59] The men immediately took cover in a nearby ditch. “A little later Pyle and I raised up to look around,” Coolidge reported. “Another burst hit the road over our heads … I looked at Ernie and saw he had been hit.” A machine-gun bullet had entered Pyle’s left temple just under his helmet, killing him instantly.[60]

Pyle was buried wearing his helmet, among other battle casualties on Ie Shima, between the remains of an infantry private on one side and a combat engineer on the other.[61] In tribute to their friend, the men of the 77th Infantry Division erected a monument that still stands at the site of his death.[62] Its inscription reads: “At this spot the 77th Infantry Division lost a buddy, Ernie Pyle, 18 April 1945.”[63] Echoing the sentiment of the men serving in the Pacific theater, General Eisenhower said: “The GIs in Europe––and that means all of us––have lost one of our best and most understanding friends.”[58]

Former First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, who frequently quoted Pyle’s war dispatches in her newspaper column, “My Day,” paid tribute to him in her column the day after his death: “I shall never forget how much I enjoyed meeting him here in the White House last year,” she wrote, “and how much I admired this frail and modest man who could endure hardships because he loved his job and our men.”[64] President Harry S. Truman, who had been in office for less than a week following the death of Franklin Roosevelt on April 12, also paid tribute to Pyle: “No man in this war has so well told the story of the American fighting man as American fighting men wanted it told. He deserves the gratitude of all his countrymen.”[1]

After the war Pyle’s remains moved to a U.S. military cemetery on Okinawa. In 1949 his remains were interred at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacificin HonoluluOahuHawaii.[41]

Writing style[edit]

Pyle’s signature storytelling style was developed at IU and during his early years as a human-interest reporter. As a war correspondent he generally wrote from the perspective of the common soldier, explaining how the war affected the men instead of recounting troop movements or the activities of generals. His descriptions of or reactions to an event in simple, informal stories are what set his Pyle’s writing apart and made him famous during the war.[65]

Pyle’s writing was praised by fellow journalists. Walter Morrow, editor of the Rocky Mountain News, claimed that Pyle’s columns from his travels across the United States in the 1930s were “the most widely read thing in the paper.”[37] During World War II Pyle continued to write about his experiences from the perspective of what he called “the worm’s-eye view.”[5] In addition to publication of his columns in newspapers in the United States, Pyle’s writing was the only writing from a civilian correspondent to be regularly published in the U.S. armed forces newspaper, Stars and Stripes.[65]

Pyle’s “everyman” approach to his wartime reporting earned him the Pulitzer Prize for journalism in 1944.[41]

Popularity[edit]

Pyle was well known and popular among the American military.[66] Unless the award was very prominent, most soldiers preferred appearing in a Pyle article to receiving a medal.[citation needed] According to Sergeant Mack Morris, whose essay appeared in the U.S. army’s weekly newspaper, Yank: “The secret of Ernie’s tremendous success and popularity, if there is any secret about it, is his ability to report a war on a personal plane.”[67] Artist George Biddle wrote of how a battalion commander told him that Pyle was a poor writer, but was very popular because “he writes about and writes to the great, anonymous American average. They … are thirsty for recognition and publicity”.[68]

Pyle’s newspaper columns were popular in the United States with readers in a wide range of ages from older readers to high school and college students. In November 1942 Pyle’s columns were distributed to 42 newspapers, but the number had increased to 122 newspapers by April 1943. When he returned to the United States for a break during the war, reporters and photographers made increasing demands for his time. In 1943 Pyle also gave interviews on radio programs to help sell war bonds.[69] At the time of Pyle’s death his columns appeared in 400 daily and 300 weekly newspapers.[4]

Legacy[edit]

Pyle’s headstone at Memorial Cemetery in Honolulu

Pyle is described as “the pre-eminent war correspondent of his era,”[5] who achieved worldwide fame and readership for his World War II battlefield reports that were published from 1942 to 1945.[4] Present-day war correspondents, World War II veterans, and historians still recognize Pyle’s World War II dispatches as “the standard to which every other war correspondent should strive to emulate.”[70] As Life magazine once described Pyle and his work: “He now occupies a place in American journalistic letters which no other correspondent of this war has achieved. His smooth, friendly prose succeeded in bridging a gap between soldier and civilian where written words usually fail.”[33]

Pyle is best remembered for his World War II newspaper reports of the firsthand experiences of ordinary Americans, especially the G.I.s serving in the U.S. Armed Forces in Europe in particular.[71] His legacy also lies in the stories of soldiers who would otherwise be unknown. “The Death of Captain Waskow,” published in January 1944, is considered Pyle’s most famous column.[5] In describing the soldiers he had met, Pyle remarked:

Their life consisted wholly and solely of war, for they were and always had been front-line infantrymen. They survived because the fates were kind to them, certainly – but also because they had become hard and immensely wise in animal-like ways of self-preservation.[72]

In addition to his writing, Pyle’s legacy includes the Ernie Pyle bill, whose content he proposed in one of his columns in early 1944. Congress passed formal legislation in May 1944 to provide American soldiers with a 50 percent increase in pay for their combat service.[4] The U.S. army also adopted Pyle’s suggestion of providing overseas service bars on uniforms to designate six months of overseas service.[73]

Pyle’s papers and other archival materials related to his life and work are held at the Lilly LibraryIndiana University Bloomington; the Ernie Pyle World War II Museum, Dana, Indiana;[74] the Indiana State Museum; and the Wisconsin State Historical Society.[citation needed] The Indiana Historical Society acquired Ernie and Jerry Pyle’s personal library from IU Bloomington’s School of Journalism in 2005 and moved the collection to its headquarters in Indianapolis.[75]

Honors and awards[edit]

  • A two-time recipient of the National Headliners Club Award (1943 and 1944).[76]
  • Awarded the Pulitzer Prize for his war correspondence in 1944.[20]
  • Featured on the cover of Time magazine, July 17, 1944.[5]
  • Recipient of the Raymond Clapper Memorial Award in 1944 from the journalism fraternity Sigma Delta Chi (the present-day Society of Professional Journalists).[73]
  • The Sons of Indiana in New York City named Pyle the Hoosier of the Year in 1944.[41]
  • Awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of New Mexico.[73]
  • Awarded an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Indiana University on November 13, 1944.[77]
  • The U.S. government posthumously awarded Pyle a Medal for Merit in July 1945.[78][79]
  • In 1983 Pyle was posthumously awarded the Purple Heart–a rare honor for a civilian—by the 77th Division’s successor unit, the 77th Army Reserve Command.[57]
  • Recipient, posthumously, of the American Legion‘s Distinguished Service Medal in 1945.[80]

Tributes[edit]

The Ernie Pyle Boeing B-29

  • The employees of Boeing-Wichita, through the 7th War Loan Drive, paid for and built a Boeing B-29 Superfortress named the “Ernie Pyle,” which was dedicated on May 1, 1945.[81] Initially assigned to the Second Air Force at Kearney Air Force Base, the B-29 named in Pyle’s honor, Serial Number 44-70118, was sent to the Twentieth Air Force, Pacific Theater of Operations, on May 27, 1945. The plane was ferried to the Pacific theater by a crew under the command of Lieutenants Howard F. Lippincott and Robert H. Silver. The nose art was removed when the aircraft reached its intended operations base in the Pacific because the base commander thought it would become a prime target of the Japanese. The “Ernie Pyle” survived the war and was returned to the United States on October 22, 1945. It was stored at Pyote AAF, Texas, and disposed of as surplus on March 25, 1953.[citation needed]
  • During the American occupation of Japan, between 1945 and 1955, the Tokyo Takarazuka Theater in downtown Tokyo was renamed the Ernie Pyle Theater, a site that was popular with many American G.I.s.[citation needed]
  • Scripps-Howard Newspapers established the Ernie Pyle Memorial Fund in 1953 to support the Ernie Pyle Award. Beginning in 1953, the award is given annually to reporters who “most nearly exemplify the style and craftsmanship for which Ernie Pyle was known.”[82]
  • The Indiana University board of trustees voted in 1954 to officially name the building that housed the IU School of Journalism on the Bloomington campus as Ernie Pyle Hall. The previous year, Sigma Delta Chi had placed a marker honoring Pyle at the east end of the building.[83] Ernie Pyle Hall is the present-day home of the Office of Admissions Welcome Center and the College of Arts and Sciences Center for Career Achievement.[84]
  • In 1970 Pyle’s nephew, Bruce L. Johnson, placed a memorial plaque at Pyle’s burial site at the National Memorial Cemetery of the PacificPunchbowl CraterHonoluluOahuHawaii.[85]
  • On May 7, 1971, the U.S. Postal Service issued a 16-cent postage stamp in Pyle’s honor.[86]
  • Indiana University’s annual Ernie Pyle Scholars Honors Program was established in 2006 for incoming freshman honors students majoring in journalism.[87]
  • In 2014 sculptor Tuck Langland ‘s bronze statue of Pyle was erected in front of Franklin Hall on the IU Bloomington campus.[88] (The IU School of Journalism, the department of Telecommunications, and the Department of Communication and Culture also merged in 2014 to establish the IU Media School, which is housed in Franklin Hall[89])
  • The first annual Ernie Pyle Legacy Foundation Scholarship of $1,000 was awarded in 2017 to a University of New Mexico journalism student.[90]
  • August 3, 2018, the inaugural National Ernie Pyle Day, was the result of a Congressional resolution drafted by the U.S. senators from Indiana, Joe Donnellyand Todd Young.[91] Indiana governor Eric Holcomb also proclaimed August 3, 2018, as Ernie Pyle Day in Indiana.[89]

Pyle historic sites[edit]

The Ernie Pyle Library in Albuquerque

  • In 1947 the Albuquerque City Council accepted Pyle’s last home in Albuquerque, New Mexico, as a memorial to the late war correspondent. Since 1948 the former residence, known as the Ernie Pyle Library, has served as the first branch of the Albuquerque/Bernalillo County Library System. The library branch “houses a small collection of adult and children’s books, as well as Pyle memorabilia and archives.”[92] The Ernie Pyle House/Library was designated as a National Historic Landmark on September 20, 2006.[93]
  • The Ernie Pyle World War II Museum (Pyle’s restored birthplace) includes a farmhouse that was moved from its original location to Dana, Indiana. The museum, which is open to the public, became a state historic site in July 1976; however, it is no longer part of the Indiana State Museum and Historic Sites system. Its present-day owners and operators are the Friends of Ernie Pyle.[4][94] The museum’s visitor center, constructed from two World War II-era Quonset huts features displays, mostly of Pyle’s wartime career.[95]

The movie is old and from 1945 and with it comes many realities of War and I believe that the best way to describe War is to not Have a War.  It is not pretty and it is not a thing that I want any of you reading this to ever have to engage in.

I am writing about two  very important things.

1st, It’s Ernie Pyle and what the man did.  Being among Soldiers during WWII is amazing.  I know that there were many who brought the Vietnam War to every American’s TV set all across this great Nation.

And there were Correspondents embedded with Units during Desert Storm.

But let’s look at the

The story is a tribute to the American infantryman (“G.I. Joe”) during World War II, told through the eyes of Pulitzer Prize-winning war correspondent Ernie Pyle, with dialogue and narration lifted from Pyle’s columns. The film concentrates on one company, (“C Company, 18th Infantry“), that Pyle accompanies into combat in Tunisiaand Italy. The friendships that grow out of his coverage led Pyle to relate the misery and sacrifice inherent in their plight and their heroic endurance of it. Although the company has the designation of an actual unit, that unit did not participate in the combat in Italy that makes up the preponderance of the film, and actually stands in for the units of the 34th and 36th Infantry Divisions that Pyle did cover in Italy.

The above exert is from the following site.  Please Support Wikipedia.org.  Thank you so much.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Story_of_G.I._Joe

The Story of G.I. Joe, also credited in prints as Ernie Pyle‘s Story of G.I. Joe, is a 1945 American war filmdirected by William Wellman, starring Burgess Meredith and Robert Mitchum. The film was nominated for four Academy Awards, including Mitchum’s only nomination for Best Supporting Actor. This was the film that established him as one of the world’s biggest movie stars.

And now, here’s the best read available about this 5-Star Movie.

I do hope that you take the time to view all of it.  It’s done the way it is done as it is meant to reach deep into you as you are watching you and it will.  Especially if you are an

Ex-G.I

or looking to join the Military? Are you that tough?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Story_of_G.I._Joe

 

The Story of G.I. Joe

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The Story of G.I. Joe
GIJoeposter.jpg

Theatrical Eagle-Lion Films rerelease poster
Directed by William Wellman
Produced by Lester Cowan
David Hall
Written by Leopold Atlas
Guy Endore
Philip Stevenson
Starring Burgess Meredith
Robert Mitchum
Music by Louis Applebaum
Ann Ronell
Cinematography Russell Metty
Edited by Albrecht Joseph
Distributed by United Artists
Release date
June 18, 1945
Running time
108 min.
Country United States
Language English
Italian
Budget over $1 million[1]

The Story of G.I. Joe, also credited in prints as Ernie Pyle‘s Story of G.I. Joe, is a 1945 American war filmdirected by William Wellman, starring Burgess Meredith and Robert Mitchum. The film was nominated for four Academy Awards, including Mitchum’s only nomination for Best Supporting Actor. This was the film that established him as one of the world’s biggest movie stars.

The story is a tribute to the American infantryman (“G.I. Joe”) during World War II, told through the eyes of Pulitzer Prize-winning war correspondent Ernie Pyle, with dialogue and narration lifted from Pyle’s columns. The film concentrates on one company, (“C Company, 18th Infantry“), that Pyle accompanies into combat in Tunisiaand Italy. The friendships that grow out of his coverage led Pyle to relate the misery and sacrifice inherent in their plight and their heroic endurance of it. Although the company has the designation of an actual unit, that unit did not participate in the combat in Italy that makes up the preponderance of the film, and actually stands in for the units of the 34th and 36th Infantry Divisions that Pyle did cover in Italy.

Although filmed with the cooperation of Pyle, the film premiered two months to the day after he was killed in action on Ie Shima during the invasion of Okinawa. In his February 14, 1945, posting entitled “In the Movies”, Pyle commented: “They are still calling it The Story of G.I. Joe. I never did like the title, but nobody could think of a better one, and I was too lazy to try.”[2]

Plot[edit]

The untested infantrymen of C Company, 18th Infantry, U.S. Army, board trucks to travel to the front for the first time. Lt. Bill Walker (Robert Mitchum) allows war correspondent Ernie Pyle (Burgess Meredith), himself a rookie to combat, to hitch a ride with the company. Ernie surprises Walker and the rest of the men by deciding to go with them all the way to the front lines. Just getting to the front through the rain and mud is an arduous task, but the diminutive, forty-two-year-old Ernie manages to keep up.

Ernie gets to know the men whose paths he will cross and write about again and again in the next year:

  • Private Robert “Wingless” Murphy, a good-natured man who was rejected by the Air Corps for being too tall;
  • Private Dondaro, an Italian-American from Brooklyn whose mind is always on women and conniving to be with one;
  • Sergeant Warnicki, who misses the young son (“Junior”) he has never seen;
  • Private Mew, from Brownsville, Texas, who has no family back home but finds one in the outfit, exemplified by his naming beneficiaries for his G.I. life insurance among them.

Their “baptism of fire” is at the Battle of Kasserine Pass, a bloody chaotic defeat. Ernie is present at battalion headquarters when Lieutenant Walker arrives as a runner for his company commander; Walker has already become an always tired, seemingly emotionless, and grimy soldier. Ernie and the company go their separate ways, but months later he seeks them out, confessing that, as the first outfit he ever covered, they are in his mind the best outfit in the army. He finds them on a road in Italy, about to attack a German-held town, just as the soldiers are elated or disappointed at “mail call”: letters for Murphy and Dondaro, a package with a phonograph record of his son’s voice for Warnicki, but nothing for now Captain Walker. Ernie finds that Company C has become very proficient at killing without remorse. In house-to-house combat, they capture the town. Fatigue, however, is an always present but never conquerable enemy. When arrangements are made for Wingless Murphy to marry “Red”, his Army nurse fiancée, in the town they have just captured, Ernie is recruited to give the bride away, but can barely keep awake.

The company advances to a position in front of Monte Cassino, but, unable to advance, they are soon reduced to a life of living in caves dug in the ground, enduring persistent rain and mud, conducting endless patrols and subjected to savage artillery barrages. When his men are forced to eat cold rations for Christmas dinner, Walker obtains turkey and cranberry sauce for them from a rear echelon supply lieutenant at gunpoint. Casualties are heavy: young replacements are quickly killed before they can learn the tricks of survival in combat (which Walker confesses to Ernie makes him feel like a murderer), Walker is always short of lieutenants, and the veterans lose men, including Wingless Murphy. After a night patrol to capture a prisoner, Warnicki suffers a nervous breakdown when, finally hearing his son’s voice on the record, his pent up frustrations at the war are released. Walker sadly directs the others to subdue the hysterical sergeant and sends him to the infirmary. Ernie returns to the correspondents’ quarters to write a piece on Murphy’s death and is told by his fellow reporters that he has won the Pulitzer Prize for his combat reporting. Ernie again catches up with the outfit on the side of the road to Rome after Cassino has finally been taken. He greets Mew and a few of the old hands, but the pleasant reunion is interrupted when a string of mules is led into their midst, each carrying the dead body of a G.I. to be gently placed on the ground. A final mule, led by Dondaro, bears the body of Captain Walker. One by one, the old hands reluctantly come forth to express their grief in the presence of Walker’s corpse.

“Then the first man squatted down, and he reached down and took the dead hand, and he sat there for a full five minutes, holding the dead hand in his own and looking intently into the dead face, and he never uttered a sound all the time he sat there. And finally he put the hand down, and then reached up and gently straightened the points of the captain’s shirt collar, and then he sort of rearranged the tattered edges of his uniform around the wound. And then he got up and walked away down the road, all alone.”[3]

Ernie joins the company as it goes down the road, narrating its conclusion: “For those beneath the wooden crosses, there is nothing we can do, except perhaps to pause and murmur, ‘Thanks pal, thanks.'”

Cast[edit]

Casting notes[edit]

Casting of the role of Ernie Pyle began in June 1944, after speculation about the role brought forth a large number of names as possibilities to producer Lester Cowan.[4] Pyle was seen by Americans as part saint, part seer, and part common man,[5] and himself pleaded with a fellow correspondent, headed to Hollywood to contribute to the storyline: “For God’s sake, don’t let them make me look like a fool.”[6] The choice narrowed down quickly to three character actors resembling Pyle or his perceived persona: James GleasonWalter Brennan, and Meredith, who was then little-known and serving as a captain in the Army. Meredith was chosen because he was lesser known.[4] Cowan was advised that if Capt. Meredith appeared in the film, all profits would have to be donated to the Army Emergency Relief Fund, and the Army refused to release him from active duty. According to Meredith, the Army was overruled by presidential advisor Harry Hopkins, and his honorable discharge from the Army was approved personally by General George C. Marshall.[6] Meredith himself spent time with Pyle while the correspondent recuperated in New Mexico from the emotional after effects of surviving an accidental bombing by the Army Air Forces at the start of Operation Cobra in Normandy.[7] Pyle approved of the casting of Meredith, and said that he believed the actor to be the best choice after the death of British Actor Leslie Howard in a plane crash.[8]

The movie studio initially wanted to place a leading-man type for the main role, but Wellman wanted a physically smaller man to better portray middle-aged Pyle. As a compromise, Mitchum was chosen to play Lieutenant (later Captain) Walker. The film was one of the first starring roles for Mitchum.

Nine actual war correspondents are listed as “For the War Correspondents” in technical advisor credits: Don Whitehead (Associated Press), George Lait (International News Service), Chris Cunningham (United Press), Hal Boyle (A.P.), Jack Foisie (Stars and Stripes), Bob Landry (Life Magazine), Lucien Hubbard(Readers Digest), Clete Roberts (Blue Network), and Robert Reuben (Reuters). Three appear as themselves in the scene in which Ernie learns he has won the Pulitzer prize.

Wellman’s wife, actress Dorothy Coonan Wellman, appeared in an uncredited speaking role as Lt. Elizabeth “Red” Murphy, the combat zone bride of character “Wingless” Murphy.

The Army agreed to Wellman’s request for 150 soldiers, then training in California for further deployment to the Pacific and all veterans of the Italian campaign, to use as extras during the six weeks of filming in late 1944. Their training continued when they were not filming to present the best image possible for the Army, although the War Department allowed them to grow beards for their roles. Wellman insisted that actual soldiers speak much of the “G.I.” dialogue for authenticity. He also insisted that the Hollywood actors (“as few as possible”) cast in the film be required to live and train with the assigned soldiers or they would not be hired.[9]

Preservation[edit]

The Academy Film Archive preserved G.I. Joe in 2000.[10]

Concept[edit]

Screenplay[edit]

The film’s concept originated with Lester Cowan, an independent producer, in September 1943, when he approached the War Department for cooperation in making a movie about the infantry with the same high degree of prestige as Air Force. In October he came to terms with United Artists for financial support and distribution of the proposed film, then developed a story outline based on Pyle’s columns reproduced in Here is Your War, which the Army approved on November 27.[11]

Attempts to write a script that would accurately translate Pyle’s style and sentiments to the screen while being acceptable to all of Pyle’s readers and fans delayed filming for a year. Cowan came up with his final concept—Pyle’s “love affair” with the ordinary infantryman—by June 1944, but developing a storyline proved more difficult.[12] After the D-Day Invasion of Normandy, believing that the end of the war was in sight, the script moved in the direction of Pyle covering the infantry in its final advance to victory.[11]

However the final form of the screenplay developed through the input of several war correspondents and associates of Pyle, chiefly Don Whitehead, Lee Miller, and Paige Cavanaugh, who assisted the writers in selecting details from Pyle’s columns for inclusion in the film,[13] and from the desires of director William Wellman, who worked directly with Pyle.[14]

Finding a director[edit]

Cowan’s first choice for director was John Huston, even though he had completed only two films before going into the service.[15] Cowan was impressed by two feature combat documentaries Huston had made for the war effort, Report from the Aleutians and The Battle of San Pietro, but was unable to gain Huston’s services from the Army.[16]

In August 1944, unable to complete the writing of the screenplay, Cowan sought the services of William A. Wellman. One film history (Suid) has Cowan walking into Wellman’s home univited, making a strong pitch for Wellman’s services, then engaging in a heated argument when Wellman refused. Wellman told Cowan that he “hated the infantry” because of his own experiences as a fighter pilot in World War I, and because the infantry commander assigned by the War Department to assist in the making of Wellman’s acclaimed Wings in 1927 so disliked the Air Corps that he had attempted to renege on the cooperation and obstruct the filming.[16]

Cowan made two other attempts to cajole Wellman into accepting the assignment, first by bringing a personal letter from Pyle to Wellman (who was quoted as saying it was “like waving a red flag in front of a bull” and resulted in Wellman slamming the door on Cowan), and by bribing Wellman with gifts for his children. The latter resulted in Wellman threatening Cowan if he came back again.[16]

Cowan persisted, however, and had Ernie Pyle (who had returned to Albuquerque for a rest from combat) personally telephone Wellman. Pyle overcame Wellman’s resistance by inviting him to his home where two days of discussions resulted in a complete change of heart by Wellman.[14] Suid goes on to note that although Wellman was dictatorial in his management of the filming[17] and crucial to the style and final form of the script,[14] that Wellman’s greatest impact was as the “catalyst” for the “collective process” (as opposed to the more modern philosophy of filmmaking as a “director’s medium”) of bringing together “Pyle, his stories, the actors, and the Army to create a uniquely realistic movie.”[11]

Historical basis[edit]

Pyle covered the 1st Infantry Division, including the 18th Infantry, in Tunisia from January to May 1943, and wrote a column on the American defeat at Kasserine Pass. He also landed with the 1st Division during the invasion of Sicily in July 1943. However, after the Sicilian campaign, which is mentioned but not portrayed in the film, the 18th Infantry moved to England to prepare for the Allied invasion of France, while the film’s “Company C” is said to have made a landing under fire at Salerno.

While the screenwriters chose the 18th Infantry Regiment to be depicted in the film, Pyle made clear that his favorite outfit, “my company”, was in the 133rd Infantry Regiment (originally part of the Iowa National Guard) of the 34th Infantry Division, a unit he had covered in 1942 while it was still stationed in Northern Ireland, then again in Tunisia. Pyle devotes Chapter Thirteen, “The Fabulous Infantry”, of his book Brave Men to this unnamed company of the 133rd Infantry, which he accompanied between December 1943 and February 1944, concentrating on eight G.I.s who were the last survivors of the original 200 shipped to Europe. The chapter’s vignettes are very similar to the final form of the film, including portrayal of the well-liked and competent company commander, 1st Lt. John J. “Jack” Sheehy. At least three characters were based on subjects in this outfit, including Sgt. Warnicki (Sgt. Jack Pierson, who also had never seen his son “Junior”) and the company’s mascot dog, in this instance a small black-and-white female named “Squirt”.[18]

The events in Italy portrayed in the film are based on Pyle’s experiences with soldiers of the 36th Infantry Division in the Battle of San Pietro, and the 133rd Infantry in the Battle of Monte Cassino. Mitchum’s character, Capt. Bill Walker, was modeled on two soldiers who deeply impressed Pyle. Walker was a stand-in for Capt. Henry T. Waskow of the 36th Division’s Company B 143rd Infantry, and the vehicle for conveying the reflections expressed to Pyle by Sgt. Frank Eversole of the 133rd Infantry. Walker’s death—and the reaction of his men to it—is a faithful recreation of the death of Waskow on Hill 1205 (Monte Sammucro) on December 14, 1943, which was the subject of Pyle’s most famous column, The Death of Captain Waskow. Sgt. “Buck” Eversole was a platoon leader in Lt. Sheehy’s company and the subject of several Pyle stories.

Awards and nominations[edit]

In 2009, it was named to the National Film Registry by the Library of Congress for being “culturally, historically or aesthetically” significant and will be preserved for all time.[19]

Academy Award nominations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “Indies $70,000,000 Pix Output”Variety: 18. 3 November 1944. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  2. ^ Ernie Pyle, “In the Movies”, Indiana University School of Journalism
  3. ^ Ernie Pyle, “The Death of Captain Waskow”, Indiana University School of Journalism
  4. Jump up to:a b Tobin, James (1997). Ernie Pyle’s War: America’s Eyewitness to World War II. Hardcover: Free Press, ISBN 0-684-83642-4, p. 213.
  5. ^ Tobin, pp. 203-205.
  6. Jump up to:a b Tobin, p. 214.
  7. ^ Tobin, pp. 196 and 221.
  8. ^ United Press, “Pyle Pleased Over Lead for His Movie”, The San Bernardino Daily Sun, San Bernardino, California, Sunday 12 November 1944, Volume 51, page 1.
  9. ^ Suid, Lawrence H. (2002 edition). Guts and Glory: The Making of the American Military Image in Film, University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-9018-5, p. 94-95.
  10. ^ “Preserved Projects”Academy Film Archive.
  11. Jump up to:a b c Suid (2002), p. 92.
  12. ^ Tobin (1997), p. 215, however, credits Wellman instead for coming up with this theme–and quotes him nearly word for word with the phrasing used by Suid–after Cowan had gotten off-track drawing up synopses that depicted Pyle as a wayward, drunken, and failing journalist at the start of the war.
  13. ^ Tobin (1997), p. 213.
  14. Jump up to:a b c Suid (2002), p. 94.
  15. ^ However, the two films, The Maltese Falcon and In This Our Life, were themselves an impressive resumé.
  16. Jump up to:a b c Suid (2002), p. 93.
  17. ^ Suid (2002), p. 95.
  18. ^ Pyle, Ernie (2000 edition), Brave Men, University of Nebraska Press, ISBN 0-8032-8768-2, pp. 193-216.
  19. ^ “25 new titles added to National Film Registry”Yahoo News. Yahoo. 2009-12-30. Archived from the original on July 10, 2012. Retrieved 2009-12-30.

External links[edit]

 

 

Well, that’s it.  I hope that you will get to viewing this movie and see some of the things that the men during WWII and all the other Wars were having to deal with and that one thing that all Soldiers and Military Personnel have to deal with-those damn ole Mental Pressures.

The feet can’t follow if the brain ain’t allowing it.  Right?

Enjoy!

God Bless…the living breathing James Brown, US Army Veteran, author of A Panther’s Father Book Series.

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